Today Beijing foreign network to share with you about English needs difficult aspects, I think we both know that the factors affecting English speaking ability is mainly manifested in the traditional teaching mode, teachers and students in three aspects.
1. The traditional teaching mode.
(1) the lack of necessary language environment. The students are in a single Chinese language environment to learn English, in addition to a limited number of English extracurricular weekly, there are few opportunities to contact English. In-class learn a little heard that training is hard to get the review to consolidate out of class. Such a language environment seriously affected the development of the students' listening and speaking skills.
(2) class students too much. Must develop listening and speaking skills through a lot of practice, every student must have enough heard practice opportunities. And China's large population, and enrollment expansion of colleges and universities in recent years, for larger class capacity. This leads to difficult to organize effective oral training activities, causes the student to speak less chance of practice, nature is difficult to improve oral English ability.
(3) oral practice pattern of drab, inflexible. Classroom oral training, usually simply imitation and retelling, demand is lower, student's enthusiasm is not high. And practice time is too little, can't fully prepared. Due to the limited class teaching time, and the number of students is more, the average for each student's oral practice time few and far between.
(4) oral practice environment and atmosphere more nervous. The classroom atmosphere relaxed, natural enough. Speaking, students need to face the whole class dozens or even hundreds of students, students are more likely to be afraid to make mistakes have anxiety and tension.
(1) insufficient understanding to the students. In teaching, because of students' comprehensive quality and English level master is not allowed. Often cause high requirements, the topic is too large, the task is so difficult, the fear of difficulties so that the students, increase classroom anxiety, to make oral English activities.
(2) teachers' English level is low. At present a lot of teacher's spoken English level is low, pronunciation is not accurate, not fluently and freely in English teaching, it is very bad for training students' listening and speaking skills.
(3) the improper teaching method. Students ability of using language can only improve in a lot of contact with English. However, in the teaching, some teachers concerned lectures in English students could not understand, even if they speak out, students listen to understand, still explain in Chinese. This is not conducive to cultivate students' ability of thinking directly in English; Some teachers because of concerns that students speak more slow and error and affect the teaching schedule, don't give students a chance to practice oral English in class; And some teachers treat students properly, the processing of language mistakes, either of the students are present in a correct, or let it wrong, is not correct.
(1) personality factors. Students of outgoing and introverted direct impact on foreign language learning. Outgoing students love and good at communication, strong self-confidence, willing to practice, actively participate in class activities, easy to succeed. And introverted students lack self-confidence, anxious, avoid practice opportunities, the ability to improve slowly.
(2) the language factors. Many students don't solid basis of knowledge of English, the pronunciation, intonation, vocabulary, grammar is not fine, but too little training, resulting in language using ability is not strong, even if is not good at on have to master the language knowledge, it's hard to use.
(3) the influence of psychological barriers. Due to the solid English basic skill is not enough, the fear of difficulties students easily, so as to form the psychological barrier, being afraid of making mistakes, said is bad, being laughed at, being criticized. So students speak hard, it is harder to coherent narrative. In the long term, the foreign language teaching efficiency is not high, most graduates still does not have effective language communication ability, can not adapt to the needs of economic and social development.
Second, to improve oral English ability of strategy
1. Stimulate students interest in learning, arouse the enthusiasm of students. Tolstoy once said: "required for successful teaching is not compulsory, but stimulate students' interest". So stimulate students' interest, the priority is to improve students' oral English. This requires the teacher first to make their teaching lively and interesting, let the students really want to learn English well, from the heart like English. Emotional factors in the "motivation and attitude is decided to different learners have different levels of learning" one of the important factors. ... In the process of teaching, the teacher should use some state of mind, constantly explore the learning motivation of students, targeted to take the corresponding teaching strategies, improve the occasion, YJ 'in accordance of their aptitude, part b of its internal learning motivation, let the students keep strong study interest and enthusiasm, so that the effect of oral English teaching better.
2. To establish a good relationship between teachers and students, eliminate students' psychological barriers. Student's mental disorder is caused by various reasons, the harmonious relationship between teachers and students or not is an important factor. Establish a good relationship between teachers and students requires teachers to have patience, love and the sense of responsibility, care about students, understand students, treat every students equally. On the English level is poor, poor self-esteem, introverted students, teachers should help them to understand and solve these problems. In teaching students the right attitude towards mistakes, certainly, to encourage their progress, help them to develop practical and feasible study plan, and supervise and urge students to earnestly implement, or adjustments to the plan. Harmonious relationship between teachers and students to make the students willing to accept the guidance of teachers, willing to communicate with teachers, thus eliminating psychological barriers, enhance self-confidence, causes the student to everyone wants to speak English, dare to speak English, speak good English.
3. Consciously cultivate the students' language sense. English language sense is the sense of English language, it includes people of English phonetic context, language the feelings of emotional characteristics, etc. In the teaching should pay attention to training students' good English language sense. To cultivate the habit of student use English thinking first. In the teaching teachers should adhere to the principle of as far as possible use English teaching, create opportunities for students to practice English more, in order to reduce the dependence on native language to students. Second, to increase the students' language practice. In the process of learning, increasing students in listening, speaking, reading, writing and translating practice. Only in this way can effectively help students to quickly master the language rules, improve their language competence. To let students understand western countries specific language environment, the specific culture and the unique cultural concepts, etc. Only in this way, Chinese and western language communication can proceed smoothly.
4. To strengthen the understanding of western culture. Teaching should attach great importance to the study of language, and should attach great importance to the understanding of culture. The involved in Chinese and western cultural differences, we should guide the student to carry on the contrast between the two cultures and contact discussion, timely supplement necessary about the content of the western social customs and behavior patterns, in order to strengthen students' sensitivity to the culture. Make full use of modern teaching means, such as foreign language film, television, multimedia, etc., let the students learn some books to school less than. As possible, to invite foreign teachers hold culture lectures, can also be written to introduce western culture, to expand with the introduction of the background knowledge, to strengthen student's understanding of the cultural connotation. Language learning can promote the improvement of cultural quality, training a good way of thinking, to improve oral English ability, cultivating intercultural communicative competence.
5. To strengthen the application of multimedia technology in oral English teaching. Multimedia oral training room provides a modern multimedia teaching platform, a variety of modern audio-visual equipment, expand the language input, enriched the content of language input, has greatly stimulated the students' interest, and can keep students' attention for long. Multimedia in the teaching of spoken English has incomparable superiority. In multimedia teaching environment, clear and colorful text, sound, images, and animation, complementary with pure English dubbing, vivid introduction to the teaching content, classroom teaching has formed by the sound, image and language consisting of three dimensional space. In this environment, students are mentally into the best state of lenovo, best cognitive state and best ready state. Students feel that learning is a kind of fun, so have the feeling of "I want to learn".
6. The diversification of teaching means. In class, the teacher can use questions, imitation method, extension method, real-time translation method, FreeTalk, password, slang study, impromptu speech, telling stories, do shows, commercials, learn an English song, sentences solitaire, debate, and group discussion teaching methods to students subjective initiative into full play. And, in terms of teaching content, we should put enough information into various activities, in certain situations in real communication, causes the student to keep lasting interest in learning spoken English. Students interested in or 13 often involved in life topic for discussion or debate. Is looking for material, analyze material independently by the student, group discussion. Both enrich the students' knowledge and improve their ability to think in English. In short, talent to cultivate highly qualified English oral communication ability is our English teacher must bear the important task. We should not only finds out the factors restricting the students' oral English ability raise, to realize the shortcomings in the course of teaching, starting from the actual level of students, seeking truth from facts and find out countermeasures, constantly improve their spoken English teaching level to meet the needs of the society and the new challenges.
Above is Beijing foreign network related to bring the need of knowledge of English, can you understand it, if you have not understand of the official welcome consultation hotline