Foreign English teachers point out that the vast majority of Chinese people have no words to say or feel unable to say anything in oral communication. What is the most important reason why spoken English is speechless? The most fundamental reason is the lack of sentence patterns and words. Although many years of learning English, foreign teachers and parents encourage students to speak more, but in fact, they do not have enough "ink" belly, naturally can not be trusted to say.
1. Accumulate vocabulary and retell content
In the preparation stage, the main task is to accumulate and imitate the vocabulary. A large number of reading, reciting and retelling English materials. Choose English materials that are slightly more difficult than you can, through various means, such as reading. Do exercises, listen to English tapes, watch English videos and movies, etc. to expand vocabulary. Mastering common phrases, phrases and so on, "proficiency" is the premise of conversation with people. Only proficiency can fluency occur in conversation. The standard of proficiency is to blurt out without thinking.
It is suggested that we start with the closest scenes of daily life, study, work, politics, economy, culture, history and so on, and pay attention to the sentence patterns and corresponding reply modes of scene dialogue. In this way, it is easy to recite and retell the scattered knowledge points in series, and the itinerary architecture.
2. Emphasizing the imitation of pronunciation and intonation
In oral English imitation practice, we need to read aloud. When imitating, we need to be generous, clear, rigid and clear, with the mouth in place, not twisting and pinching, whispering in our voice in a low voice. At the beginning of imitation, the speed should be slower so as to get the pronunciation in place, correct the pronunciation, and then add speed. Until he can speak the sentence easily at normal speed and blurt it out. The purpose of loud imitation is to make oral muscles fully active, to change the habitual movement pattern of muscles formed over the years, and to establish a new movement pattern of oral muscles, the movement pattern of English pronunciation.
Imitation must be "like", referring to the imitator's voice, close to the language imitated, the imitated voice is very realistic. Pure and graceful pronunciation can be achieved by short-term imitation, especially for those who are accustomed to speaking Chinese and those who have a basic knowledge of British English to speak American English. Excessive needs a period of time, the length of time depends on the degree of concentration of self-scholars.
3. Accumulation of fixed sentence patterns in grammatical structure
Looking for an article, in the process of continuous listening and reading, it is far more important to imitate the whole sentence than to imitate a single word. It should be noted that the sentences and phrases you utter need to be grammatically correct, otherwise the other party can not understand the meaning you express, and grammar is also the most important framework requirements for the formation of sentence patterns. Frequency efficiency is very low when the sentences and words are indoctrinated and explained externally. First, because of the language barrier, in the face of students whose foundation is not good, explaining a word loses a lot of time.
And the English grammar is not good enough on the basis of the later language will be a very serious obstacle, leading to their own sentences chaotic, chaotic. On the basis of a certain word reserve and grammar, it has reached a certain degree of affirmation, and can easily explore the content of many topics.
4. Cultivation of Cultural Logic Consciousness
The cultivation of contextual awareness plays a leading role in the cultivation of linguistic competence. The best way to learn English is to throw a person directly into the United Kingdom or the United States. A student who has completed the first two stages of IELTS oral English preparation often finds that his pronunciation and intonation have passed the test and gradually began to approach the pronunciation of native speakers of English, but each of them is still in the stage of talking on paper. By translating what they have learned into practical experience, students need to pay more attention to enhancing their awareness of cultural communication. When we understand Westerners'communicative habits, we can actually master the way to talk with them.